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Wing Chun

Principals and Philosophy

wing chun kung fu masters


Wing Chun is based on the Taoist principle of 'Take the Middle Road'. This implies that one should not go to extreme. No quality is the 'most important i.e. speed, strength, fitness. Success is based on balance this implies that if one is in the middle road you can see both left and right paths. If you go too far to the left or right you lose sight of the other side. This is can be seen in the fact that Wing Chun is a hard and soft style, the yin and yang. The 'Yin' (feminine) focuses on diverting the flow of energy, the 'Yang' (masculine) seeks to resist any opposing energy flow. Whilst the Yin energy principle may be deemed more suited to women, both sexes need both qualities to some measure. The yang is primarily seen in the explosive quality of the striking moves.

Ng Mui, and subsequent generations, have refined the system further by keeping to simple, almost scientific principles, such as:

The Centre Line Theory - to protect and strike at the major pressure points and prevent power being ridden away.

Economy of Motion - keeping every movement as simple as possible, striking from where the hand lies and keeping leg techinques low.

The Principle of Combined or Simultaneous Defence and Attack by Interception - Basically techniques incorporating the saying of 'The Striking Hand IS The Defending Hand' and vice versa.

Sticky Hands

One of the most important techniques in Wing Chun is the practice of Sticky Hands (Chi Sau). Because Wing Chun is a close quarter system, it could be potentially dangerous to the practitioner themselves as they are usually in range of being hit, grabbed, kicked etc, by their opponent. This understanding has led to a remarkable skill training method called Sheung Chi Sau or Double Sticky Hands.

To the uninitiated it is best described as resembling a hurt boxer trying to 'spoil' his opponents moves by clinging to the arms. The aim is to prevent the opponent striking freely and allows the Wing Chun Stylist an opportunity to control, trap and break free to strike. The real skill is that both parties want to achieve the same goal, and this has led to tremendous techniques beingdeveloped, to a standard where either one or both parties can train blindfolded. These techniques were devised to enhance sensitivity to the direction or pressure of an attack. An awareness of the potential techniquesfrom an opponent then develops. A skilful practitioner can eventually predict and nullify the danger and overcome the opponent.

The main areas Sticky Hands seeks to develop are summarised below:


Centreline concept

Reaction to direction change

Closing and leaving the gap

Strike when the hand is freed 'Lat Sau Jik Chung'

Go with the power do not resist force

Stances and the 'changing of structure'

The 'Hand traps Legs' skill

Continuous techniques (fluidity)

Balance of the vertical and horizontal planes


Guiding Power

Aggressive Power

Power control

Balance of power (Equalisation)

Flowing of chi


Trapping techniques

Blocking and attacking ability (Hand techniques)

Balance of technique

Immovable elbow line

Combination of Hand and Leg techniques




Benefits Of Wing Chun Training

Enhances physical and the emotional control

Increases confidence and well being

Increases assertiveness skills and reflexes

Improves health through physical exercise, breathing and body movement

Promotes comradeship

Suitable for all ages and abilities

Reduces stress

Promotes good posture and stability

Promotes mobility and flexibility





The UKWCKFA is recognised by

Ip Man Martial Art Athletic Assoc (Hong Kong)

Ving Tsun Athleltic Assoc (Hong Kong)

World Wing Chun Union (Hong Kong)

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